Marketing

September 2022

Red Bull Spreads its Wiiings

By Nader Tavassoli

Thirty-five years after its founding, the Red Bull energy drinks business continued to show strong growth globally. Over the years, the company had expanded its product line with different variants, such as sugar-free and flavoured Editions. More recently, the company had launched a sub-branded The ...

October 2020

Brand Value and Valuation – Technical Note (Spanish language)

By Nader Tavassoli

Brand valuation is the process of estimating the financial value of a brand. The valuation of brands as intangible assets emerged in the 1980s, when brands were first capitalized on post-M&A balance sheets. Brands are also valued for non-reporting purposes...

October 2021

The European Super League

By Chris Voss, Fabio Puntillo

This case study describes the situation three days after the ill-fated launch of the European Super League (ESL). It can be used in a number of ways. This includes exploring the differences between US sports business models and those of European football; the strategy of the ESL and the possible mis...

September 2005

Red Bull: The anti-brand brand

By Nader Tavassoli, Nirmalya Kumar, Sophie Linguri

In 2004, Red Bull found itself at a crossroad, challenged with defending its 70% worldwide market share of the €2.5 billion energy drinks category that it had pioneered. Through a combination of buzz marketing tactics, decentralised distribution and sponsorship of extreme sports and pop culture ev...

August 2021

NiPay’s Pricing Conundrum – Compact Case

By Marco Bertini, Oded Koenigsberg

NiPay is a software provider competing in the Nigerian business-to-business payments market. Founded by Idaku Ibrahim nearly 20 years ago, NiPay sells two products to retailers and other merchants, which enable individual shoppers to transact either online or via a mobile device....

November 2020

Twisterden Pricing a go-to-market strategy – Compact Case

By Marco Bertini, Oded Koenigsberg

English wine has come a long way. In Britain, sweet and poorer quality wines dominated the palates of the 1970s, when domestic producers were almost nowhere to be seen. Today, the range of wine available to British households is global and local wineries have grown to take market share with increasi...

November 2020

Protean Electric: Innovation upon innovation

By David Arnold

The case is intended as a vehicle for analysis of the challenges involved in launching an innovative product. It is set against the background of the wave of innovation in the vehicle market, as manufacturers race to replace internal combustion engines (ICEs) with electric power. Protean Electric, a...

October 2020

The Marketing Process – Background Note

By Nader Tavassoli

The Chartered Institute of Marketing in the UK defines marketing as: “The management process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying customer requirements profitably” 1 This note describes the marketing process...

October 2020

Brand Value and Valuation – Technical Note

By Nader Tavassoli

Brand valuation is the process of estimating the financial value of a brand. The valuation of brands as intangible assets emerged in the 1980s, when brands were first capitalized on post-M&A balance sheets. Brands are also valued for non-reporting purposes...

October 2020

The World Trade Organization and Tobacco Plain Packaging: Is Packaging Adverting and Does It Influence Consumption?

By Nader Tavassoli

On June 29, 2020, a dispute settlement panel convened by the World Trade Organization (WTO) rejected the appeal regarding its findings in the report “Australia – Certain Measures Concerning Trademarks, Geographical Indications and other Plain Packaging Requirements Applicable to Tobacco Products...