Technological innovation

April 2024

The Transformation of Digital China: Harnessing the Potential of Data, Cloud and AI

By Julian Birkinshaw, Dickie Liang-Hong Ke

The case, set in 2024, describes the transformation of Digital China, a large IT services company in China that had grown proactively and ambitiously into new digital services, including artificial intelligence (AI). The case briefly describes the company’s background so we can see how it has evol...

November 2020

Protean Electric: Innovation upon innovation

By David Arnold

The case is intended as a vehicle for analysis of the challenges involved in launching an innovative product. It is set against the background of the wave of innovation in the vehicle market, as manufacturers race to replace internal combustion engines (ICEs) with electric power. Protean Electric, a...

July 2020

Haier’s (2019) ecosystem revolution: From Rendanheyi 2.0 to Rendanheyi 3.0

By Michael Jacobides, Lisa Duke

2019 was an important year for Haier. Its new version of its radically decentralised structure, dubbed Rendanheyi 2.0, based on many independent ‚ÄėEcosystem Micro-enterprise Communities‚Äô (EMCs) had been devised to help it respond to the shifting ways of adding value in the digital, internet-based...

June 2020

Enel S.p.A.: A Traditional Utility Embraces the Digital Revolution

By Julian Birkinshaw, Ken Mark

The case study describes the digital transformation of Enel under the leadership of Francesco Starace from 2014 to 2019. Enel is one of Europe’s largest utilities, providing electricity to 71 million customers across Europe and South America. It is also an impressive success story. At the time the...

August 2016

ONk: Dining at the Funding Buffet

By Gary Dushnitsky

The idea for ONk originated in 2012 when six-year-old Mike asked his father, Sam Ke, one night, ‚ÄúCan we make a computer that is simple and fun?‚ÄĚ Soon afterwards, a team of three ‚Äď Alex Bell, Joe Costa and Sam Ke ‚Äď came together to answer the call. The mission: to give young people ‚Äď and th...

February 2013

Eight19 (A): A Social Enterprise?

By Jeff Skinner, Tom Ryan

Eight19 is a technology-based start-up company based on Cambridge Science Park. The company is developing a new (and very low cost) solar-panel technology aimed primarily at domestic use in developing countries. The case describes the issues faced by eight19 as it develops a business model for the n...

January 2016

Unilever Foundry

By Julian Birkinshaw, Shahnoor Meghani

This case focuses on the Unilever Foundry, a platform for Unilever to engage with start-ups and entrepreneurs, providing them with access to Unilever’s brands as a means of enabling their growth while bringing innovative technology back to the company. The case provides a brief description of Unil...

September 2011

The Rise and Fall of Nokia

By Julian Birkinshaw, Lisa Duke

The case describes Nokia’s spectacular rise and fall, shedding light on the combination of external factors and internal decisions that resulted in the company’s handset business being sold to Microsoft in 2010.During the successful period of growth (roughly 1990 through to 2006), Nokia’s focu...

January 2013

Eight19 (B) Azuri Technologies

By Jeff Skinner, Tom Ryan

Eight19 is a technology-based start-up company based on Cambridge Science Park. The company is developing a new (and very low cost) solar-panel technology aimed primarily at domestic use in developing countries. The case describes the issues faced by eight19 as it develops a business model for the n...